- Algae are a composed and mixed group of plantlike organisms and bacteria. Except a few types, all algae perform photosynthesis.
- AlgaeBase, the global algal database, categorised on the 28th of August 2018 up to 49.000 types of algae. However, it is believed that there are multiple more algae in the world, which were not discovered yet.
- Algae are the oldest microorganisms in the world besides bacteria. Because algae are an important performer of photosynthesis, they are accountable for approximately 50% of the global oxygen production – even though they make up only 2% of the world´s total amount of plants. Algae are the ancestors of all land plants and also the basic material for petroleum. They can also be described as natural perfected photosynthetic organisms.
- Algae are organisms, which have a wide variety of habitats. In addition to their well-known fresh and salt water habitat, algae can also grow on stones, soils and alpine snowfields.
- The oldest and most common process to grow algae is the Open Pond production. Further more breeding methods are photobioreactors such as tubular reactor, helix or coil reactor, bag or tube reactor, vessel reactor, flat panel reactor, thin-layer reactor and in the heterotrophic breeding the algae fermenter.
- There are many different types of algae, which can be produced industrial. The mainly grown algae types in Europe are spirulina and chlorella, which are primarily used as nutritional supplements on the market.
- Above all, it depends on the environmental conditions. An algae cell can divide every 15-20h under ideal circumstances (light, nutrients, temperature).
- It strongly depends on the type of algae. But the generally valid temperatures are minimum 15°C, optimum 25°C and maximum 32°C.
- Algae need micronutrients, a source of carbon (inorganic CO2, some types of algae can also grow heterotrophically) and light. For those types that can grow heterotrophically photosynthesis is not necessary, which is why they do not need light.
- Algae need a certain amount of time without light, because they are naturally adjusted to a day-night-rhythm.
The algae oil is extracted from our algae powder through a special process with supercritical CO2. This method is a particularly gentle procedure in which the algae oil can be obtained without the use of solvents.
- The omega-3 fatty acids are a subgroup within the unsaturated omega-n fatty acids. They are essential components of the human nutrition, which means that they can not be produced by the body itself. The name comes from the nomenclature of fatty acids. Before they were named omega-n fatty acids, they were generally called Vitamin F.
- Omega-3 means that the last double bond in the polyunsaturated carbon chain of the fatty acid is at the third to last C-C bond from the carboxy end. Omega (ω) is the last letter of the Greek alphabet and denotes the end of the carbon chain farthest from the carboxy group.